Sundarbans National Park is located in World’s largest Ganges Delta formed by the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghana. A national park, a Tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve is home to the largest population of Royal Bengal Tigers in the world. Historically known for notorious man eating Tigers, the number of the conflict have been reduced almost by 75% over last few years due to some intense work by the forest department. Sundarbans is the world’s largest estuarine sanctuary. Home to the Royal Bengal tigers along with a sizeable population of spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, kingfishers, herons and eagles. The Sundarbans is also known for the Ridley Sea Turtles. Only way to do safaris in Sundarbans is by boats in the flowing rivers, these boats are controlled by the Government. Tiger sightings are rare here, but again a great place for birding. One can also visit the site of Crocodile breeding farm and Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary.
About The Park
Sundarbans National Park is located in World’s largest Delta formed by the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghana. The Sundarbans Wildlife Sanctuary is the world’s largest estuarine sanctuary. The Sundarbans is not only a National Park but also a tiger reserve, a World Heritage site and a Biosphere reserve. The name Sundarban has been derived from the Sundari trees that are found in abundance in the Sundarbans National Park. Sundarbans is home to the Royal Bengal tigers along with a sizeable population of spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, kingfishers, herons and eagles. The Sundarbans is also known for the Ridley Sea Turtles.
Islands such as Goasaba, Sandeshkali and Basanti form the northern boundary of the Sundarbans whereas on the south lies the Bay of Bengal; the Matla and Bidya Rivers form the eastern boundary and the to the west side of the Sunderbans National Park is the international boundary of Bangladesh.
Interesting Fact about Sundarbans National Park
The Sajnakhali sanctuary, known for its rich bird population, is considered a part of the Sunderbans National Park. Some of the bird species in Sajnakhali sanctuary are Kingfisher, Sea Eagle, Plovers, Lap-Wings, Whimbrels, Curfews, occasional Pelican and Sandpipers.
Bhagabatpur is home to a hatchery of the largest estuarine crocodiles in the world.
Known as the gateway to Sundarbans, Piyali is about 72 kms from Kolkata by road and is close to Sajnekhali, Netidhopani and Sudhanyakhali by waterways. The Piyali River flows through the green paddy fields and joins river Matla.
Flora & Fauna
The Sundarbans National Park has a wide variety of plant life too. Inside the Sundarbans there are mangrove scrub, saltwater mixed forest, littoral forest, brackish water forest and swamp forest. The large floral population in Sundarbans includes trees like Dhundal, Genwa, Garjan, Passur and Kankara. Besides the above-mentioned trees, the tall and wide Goran trees cover a large part of the Sundarbans. It is interesting to note that twenty-six of the fifty broad mangrove types found in the world thrive in the Sunderbans National Park.
The Sundarbans National Park is home to a large number of Royal Bengal tigers and also abounds in olive Ridley turtles, salt water crocodiles, Gangetic dolphins, spotted deer, fishing cats, wild boars, monitor lizards, otters, rhesus macaques, snakes, lobsters, numerous varieties of fishes, shrimps, crabs, worms and a host of avian life such as kingfishers, herons, woodpeckers, storks, Brahmin ducks, ibises, arghilahs, water fowl, egrets etc.